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Guide to respiratory therapy products

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4 Section 1 Overview of Disease States Disease What It Is Devices Commonly Used for Treatment For More Information Asthma A condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, and produce extra mucus, making it difficult to breathe. Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers (albuterol) to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms (steroids). Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open (formoterol, salmeterol, tiotropium), as well as oral steroids. Nebulizer, Oxygen COPD A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the most common conditions that make up COPD. Treatments include quitting cigarette smoking and avoiding air-borne bronchial irritants. Medical treatments include bronchodilators, steroids, antibiotics and oxygen therapy. Nebulizer, Oxygen, Mechanical Ventilation Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD. The inflamed bronchial tubes produce a lot of mucus. This leads to coughing and difficulty breathing. Treatment includes quitting cigarette smoking and avoiding airborne bronchial irritants. Medical treatments include bronchodilators, steroids, and oxygen therapy. Nebulizer, Oxygen Cystic Fibrosis A hereditary disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. The body produces thick and sticky mucus that can clog the lungs and obstruct the pancreas. Treatments include antibiotics to prevent and treat chest infections, medications to make the mucus in the lungs easier to cough up, medications to widen the airways and reduce inflammation and special techniques and devices to help clear mucus from the lungs. Nebulizer, Oxygen, Mechanical Ventilation Emphysema Emphysema is a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung). Common treatments include bronchodilator medications, steroids and antibiotics. Nebulizer, Oxygen, Mechanical Ventilation Common respiratory conditions About respiratory diseases • These diseases affect the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system • Respiratory diseases may be caused by infection, by smoking tobacco, or by breathing in secondhand tobacco smoke, radon, asbestos or other forms of air pollution • Respiratory diseases include but aren't limited to asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia and lung cancer. These kinds of diseases are also called lung disorder and pulmonary disease.

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